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Born in Havana, Cuba, AL JOURGENSEN is best known as the founder and frontman of the industrial metal band Ministry. He has been credited under many other names, including: Alain Jourgensen, Alien Jourgensen, Hypo Luxa, Dog, Alien Dog Star, and Buck Satan. He has been a member of several industrial bands, working as a singer, guitarist, and keyboard player. Born to a Cuban mother and a Norwegian father he was raised primarily in Chicago, Illinois and Frisco, Colorado. His father was a stock car driver, also known as a mechanic for legendary Formula One driver Dan Gurney. After attending the University of Colorado, Jourgensen worked as a radio DJ out of college until becoming a professional musician by joining the band Special Affect. He then went on to found Ministry in 1981.