Skip to page content

Krystian Zimerman

About this Artist

KRYSTIAN ZIMERMAN comes from a family with rich music-making traditions. Musicians would meet almost daily in his home to play various works, mostly chamber music. These performances afforded Zimerman a most intimate, natural, everyday contact with live music and provided an early impetus to his musical career. He made his first steps in music under his father's supervision, and at the age of 7 started working with Andrzej Jasinski, a senior lecturer at the music conservatory in Katowice, Poland. This tutorship was crowned by Zimerman's graduation, 14 years later, from the conservatory there. Zimerman had no zest for contests, but he followed the common way of musical development for concert pianists, which brought him the highest prizes at several prestigious competitions devoted to Russian and Polish music and to the works of particular composers (Prokofiev and Beethoven). There followed the Grand Prix at the Chopin Competition of 1975, which paved the way for performances in concert halls worldwide.

The 27 years of Zimerman's artistic activity have been marked by regular meetings with his own dedicated audiences, which ardently look forward to every concert. Wherever his concert tours take him, in the music centers of Europe, Asia and America, he always recognizes familiar faces. During the last 12 seasons, since he has resolved to travel with his own concert piano, he has managed to accustom his audience and concert organizers to this unusual and only seemingly inconvenient gear. Zimerman has applied several technical inventions of his own which have made it possible for him, as for other musicians, to take his instrument along on tours. The confidence afforded by his own thoroughly familiar instrument, combined with his piano-building expertise - first acquired in Katowice and developed through permanent cooperation with the Steinway Company in Hamburg - allows him to eliminate, or reduce to the absolute minimum, everything that might distract him from purely musical issues.

Zimerman's comparatively early acquaintance with the main developments of European music-German, Russian, French and others-precluded him from becoming a "Chopin specialist." Instead, it stirred in him the ambition, which he has achieved in the last 10 years, of performing music in the place and culture of its origin: French works in Paris; Beethoven, Mozart and Schubert in Vienna; Brahms in Hamburg; American music played in New York and, in one notable instance, conducted by the composer himself - Leonard Bernstein. "If I were an actor," he argues, "I would also set myself the aim of performing Shakespeare in London and Chekhov in Russia."

Witold Lutoslawski's dedication of his Piano Concerto to Krystian Zimerman inspired the pianist to a similar treatment of that work: it was self-evident that it should be performed in Warsaw during the Warsaw Autumn Festival of Contemporary Music, with the composer as conductor. During each of his New York recitals, he has taken care to perform a Polish composition as part of the program or as an encore. For several consecutive seasons he performed Karol Szymanowski's works in principal music centers on three continents. His encounters with pre-eminent musicians-performers of chamber music and conductors have been, he claims, his greatest luck. He has repeatedly performed with Kaja Danczowska, Kyung-Wha Chung, Gidon Kremer and about 40 other celebrities of the musical world.

The piano is not Zimerman's only musical passion: he has always remained an exceedingly keen organist. Playing the organ also allowed him to grasp and fashion the musical form in its horizontal dimension. He has also enriched his knowledge of conducting due to collaboration with the most illustrious conductors of his time: Leonard Bernstein, Herbert von Karajan, Seiji Ozawa, Riccardo Muti, Lorin Maazel, André Previn, Pierre Boulez, Zubin Mehta, Bernard Haitink, Stanislaw Skrowaczewski, Sir Simon Rattle, and numerous others. In some instances (with Bernstein, Boulez, Karajan, Kondrashin and Ozawa), the cooperation was particularly close and sustained by friendship. Zimerman and Bernstein worked together for 13 years: Zimerman was the last - for some time also the only - pianist who performed under Bernstein, both during recording sessions and at concerts in many European countries and the United States. Working frequently and closely with an outstanding musical personality, a master of orchestral sound, was a formative experience for him. The same could be said about his close and long-time contacts with Herbert von Karajan. Zimerman also embraced the opportunity to meet and make a closer acquaintance of the older-generation masters: Claudio Arrau, Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli, Arthur Rubinstein, and Sviatoslav Richter - all of whom exerted a powerful influence on his musical development.

During his more than 25-year collaboration with Deutsche Grammophon, Zimerman has made two dozen recordings, for which he has frequently received the most prestigious record awards. In his most recent CD for DG, released internationally in March 2006, he teamed up with Sir Simon Rattle for the recording of Brahms' First Piano Concerto. His critically acclaimed recording of the Rachmaninoff Concertos with the Boston Symphony and Seiji Ozawa received the 2004 Record Academy Award in Japan, as well as the 2005 award for Best Orchestral Album at the Midem Classical Awards (listen to excerpts here). In addition to his recording awards, Zimerman recently received the "Ordre National de la Légion d'honneur," the highest civilian award given by the French government. He has also received an Honorary Doctorate of Arts from Katowice Music Academy, which carries special distinction, as it is only the second time in the University's history that an honorary doctorate has been awarded.

Zimerman lives with his wife and two children in Switzerland, where he has spent the greater part of his life, dividing his time between family, concerts, and performances of chamber music. When not touring or building pianos, he has been editing piano editions of the works of Wladislav Spielman for Boosey and Hawkes and writing a piece on aesthetics, which was published in Poland in March 2005.