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Written in 1924 and dedicated to the Hun- garian violinist Jelly d’Aranyi, who gave its first performances, Tzigane was described by its composer as “a virtuoso piece in the style of a Hungarian rhapsody.” Clearly, Ravel’s simple description is adequate for the musical situation.

The Frenchman’s Tzigane (Gypsy) is all fiery temperament, from the extended solo cadenza with which the piece opens to the breathless closing. If this gypsy does not make his violin cry, he makes it dazzle by using nearly every technical trick in the book.

— Orrin Howard